TIME WITHIN WHICH PERSON ARRESTED BY “CIVILIANS” MUST BE HANDED OVER TO POLICE.
Daily Law Tips (Tip 377) by Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LLM. ACIArb(UK)

*12 SITUATIONS WHERE POLICE OFFICERS CAN ARREST WITH WARRANT.*
Daily Law Tips (Tip 350) by Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LLM. ACIArb(UK)

*NOW, THERE IS A CENTRAL CRIMINAL RECORDS REGISTRY IN NIGERIA.*
DAILY LAW TIPS (Tip 334) by Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LLM. ACIArb(UK)

NEW WAY OF RECORDING CONFESSIONAL STATEMENTS OF A CRIMINAL SUSPECT IN NIGERIA.
DAILY LAW TIPS (Tip 329) by Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LLM. ACIArb(UK)

POLICE HAS POWERS TO PLAY MILITARY ROLES IN AND OUTSIDE NIGERIA. DAILY LAW TIPS (Tip 317) By Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LLM. ACIArb(UK).
 
Nigerian Police Force was created by law and among the powers given to it, is to conduct military duties specified within law. Such military duties can be performed inside Nigeria and outside Nigeria. 
When performing military duties outside Nigeria with any of the armed forces of Nigeria, the police must be under the military officer in charge of the armed forces. When performing military duties within Nigeria, the police remains under the command of a superior police officer(ie, an officer above the rank of cadet Assistant Superintendent of Police).
 
My authorities are sections 1, 4 and 12 of the Police Act, 1943.
 
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This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.
 
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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 240)
“SITUATIONS WHERE A MALE SECURITY OFFICER CAN SEARCH FEMALES IN NIGERIA.”

Above all, all searches must be conducted decently. By law a person can be searched by a police officer of same sex but where there is urgent situation or in interest of justice it is impossible for same sex police officer to conduct such search, a police officer of opposite sex can search a person of opposite sex. Hence, a male police officer can search a female suspect in such circumstances in any part of Nigeria. This extends to any officer of any law enforcement agency in Nigeria created by Act of National Assembly, like EFCC, DSS, NSA, NDLEA, ICPC, Customs, NAPTIP, Prisons and Civil Defence. This excludes all the private security companies and their officers.

My authorities are sections 9(3) and 494 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and similar laws across the states in Nigeria.

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 180)
“No Person Can Be Arrested In Place Of Another Person In Nigeria”.

No person in Nigeria can be arrested in place of another person. You can only be arrested for an offence you committed or for an offence you are suspected to have committed and not for the offence of another or in place of another. You cannot be arrested in place of another person as a way to trap and force another person to surrender himself. You cannot even arrest a parent for the offence of his child.

My authority is section 7 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act.

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This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 167)
“You Are Entitled To Reasons For Your Arrest From Nigeria Police or Any Person Arresting You”.

Upon being arrested, the arresting officer is supposed to immediately give you reasons for your arrest. It is your right to be given reasons for your arrest unless where you where arrested committing an offence or immediately after committing an offence or escaping lawful custody.

My authority is section 6(1) of Administration of Criminal Justic Act 2015 and other similar laws across states of Nigeria.

Please share this till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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***This is not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. ***

DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 115)
“Arrest by Proxy (Arrest of a Person for an Offence of Another Person) is illegal and Unconstitutional in Nigeria”.

It is illegal for police or any security agency to arrest any person for an offence committed or suspected to have been committed by another person. No matter the offence and the conduct of a suspect, his family members, friends, associates and mates cannot be arrested, charged or tried for his actions. Criminal liabilities cannot be assumed, transferred or inherited.

See section 35 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 112)
“Women Just Like Men Can Be Surety For Bail of Criminal Suspects and Accused Persons in Nigeria”.

Don’t let police officers and court staff deceive you, woman just like man is a suitable surety. The argument that women are property of men/husbands and as such can’t be surety is invalid. At all times, both men and women are equal before our laws.

See section 42 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 and sections 167(3) and 495 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 110)
“Nigerian Police Cannot Be Used For or Be Part for Debt Recovery”

Nigerian Police Force is created to protect life and property as well as to maintain law and order. Nigerian Police, police officers and police station are not allowed by law to recover debt or threaten/arrest debtors to pay their creditors. Owing debt is not a crime. Victims can sue Nigeria police and their creditors.

Section 214 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and section 4 of the Police Act.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 104)
“Compulsory Treatment of Victims of Gunshot Wounds in Public and Private Hospitals in Nigeria”.

All medical doctors, nurses, health workers, hospitals and medical outfits across Nigeria whether public or private, are by law mandated to receive and immediately treat all persons with gunshot wounds whether or not such person paid money. Hence there is no need to demand for police or security report/clearance. Doing otherwise is an offence.

See sections 1 and 3 of the Compulsory Treatments and Care of Victims of Gunshot Act, 2017.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 102)
“A Single Police Officer /Traffic Warden Cannot Prove Over-speeding in Nigeria”.

No driver or rider in Nigeria can be convicted for over-speeding based only on the evidence of one witness, not minding that the witness is a Police Officer, Federal Road Safety Corp or of any agency. This will be different where such Officer witnessed and detected such through a device for recording speed.

See section 203 of the Evidence Act.

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No matter how bad a law is, until it is changed by theNational Assembly of Nigeria it remains a binding and valid law. Cars, vehicles, trucks and tricycle etc are helpful  tools and in some cases marks of affluence in the society. Cars are made for good of man but just the way hunting-guns can hunt man so can cars be used to perpetrate evil. When at a glance the occupants of a vehicle cannot be seen, then such a car can be used to convey unauthorised persons and goods.

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