DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 264)
IT IS ILLEGAL FOR AN ASSOCIATION/GROUP APART FROM A POLITICAL PARTY TO CAMPAIGN FOR A CANDIDATE.

The only associations allowed to canvass for votes for any candidate at any election or are political parties. Hence, no other association, group or movement is allowed to canvass and campaign for votes for any candidate at any election in any part of Nigeria.

My authorities are sections 221 and 319 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 263)
WHO ARE THE SHAREHOLDERS OF THE CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA.

Central Bank of Nigeria is created to promote stability and continuity in economic management of Nigeria, among other things. The minimum authorised capital of the bank is One Hundred Billion Naira. The capital are all subscribed and held by only the Federal Government. Hence, the Federal Government of is the only shareholder of Central Bank of Nigeria. So, no individual, company, bank, foreign agency, state, state government or local government is permitted to be a shareholder of the Central Bank of Nigeria.

My authorities are sections 4, 60 and 61 of the Central Band of Nigeria Act, 2007.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 262)
WHEN LAWYERS CAN PERSONALLY STAND BAIL FOR CLIENTS.

There is popular saying in Nigeria, that a lawyer cannot be surety and take a client on bail. Well, this is NOT true! There is no law that stops a lawyer from being a surety and taking a client (who is a suspect) on bail in any where in Nigeria. The Rules of Professional Conduct for Lawyers expressly prohibits lawyers from being sureties and taking their clients (who are accused persons) on bail in any court in Nigeria. The Rules purposely mentioned only courts and excluded detention centers including Police stations, Economic and Financial Crimes Commissions(EFCC), Independent Corrupt Practices Commission (ICPC), Department of State Services (DSS) and all other security agencies. Consequently, it is not a professional misconduct for a lawyer to be a surety and take his client who is a suspect on bail in any place but cannot do so for his clients who are accused persons in any court.

My authorities are Rules 37(1) and 57 of the Rules of Professional Conduct for Legal Practitioners, 2007.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 261)
LIST OF FRUITS/PLANTS PROHIBITED FROM IMPORTATION IN NIGERIA.

Some fruits/plants whether living or dead are allowed to grow in Nigeria but cannot be imported into Nigeria or can only be imported with written permission. This is to control plant diseases and pests in Nigeria. It also extends to even soil.
Hence, the importation of prohibited fruits/Plants/Soil is a criminal offence punishable with fine of not more than One Hundred Naira or imprisonment for not more than six months and cost of destruction/exportation of such prohibited fruit.

Below are fruits, plants and soil prohibited from being imported into any part of Nigeria:

1.Banana and Plantain (leaves and fruits)
2. Beans (grains from USA, Bulgaria and some other countries)
3. Cassava ( All parts expecting vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
4. Citrus (Vegetative materials except for propagation)
5. Coconut (Vegetative materials)
6. Coffee(All parts including fruits except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
7. Cotton
8. Cowpea
9. Date Palms All parts including fruits except Vegetative propagating materials, fruits and seeds)
10. Fresh Fruits of any specie (from Asia eas of 60* longitude, Mauritius, Central and South America)
11. Gramineae (their flower heads, foliage,hay, fodder and litter)
12. Grape Vine (Vegetative propagating materials)
13. Groundnut(Vegetative materials except for propagation)
14. Maize (their hay, fodder, straw and litter for packing except seeds and unmilled grain for consumption)
15. Oil Palm (Flowers, foliage and all timber)
16. Peas and related plants (their Vegetative material including hay, fodder and litter).
17. Pepper and Chillies (their Vegetative materials and fresh fruits)
18. Pineapple (their fruits)
19. Potatoes (All parts except seed tubers, tubers or consumption and seeds)
20. Rice (Vegetative Materials)
21. Rose and Strawberry (Vegetative materials)
22. Rubber Trees (All parts except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
23. Soils and Composts(for any use other than scientific and analytical purposes)
24. Sorghum (All parts except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
25. Soya Bean (Vegetative materials)
26. Sugar Cane( Cane for consumption, flower heads and foliage)
27. Sweet Potato (All parts except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
28. Tea (From any part of the world except African Continent)
29. Tobacco (Vegetative materials and seeds)
30. Tomatoes (Vegetative materials and fresh fruits)
31. Wheat, Barely, Oats and Rye( Vegetative materials)
32. Walnuts (Vegetative materials)
33. Yam (All parts except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds as well as Tubers for consumption).

My authorities are sections 1 2 and 5 of the Agriculture (Control of Importation) Act, 1964 and Paragraphs 2, 5, 7 and 9 of the Plants, etc.(Control of Importation) Regulations 1970.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 260)
“CAN AN ARRESTED PERSON BE MEDICAL EXAMINED WITHOUT CONSENT”

Police or any other government owned security agency has right to arrest any person and medically examine such person without consent of the arrested person for needed evidence. The police can even use reasonable force where necessary in conducting such medical examination. Note that the medical examination must be conducted by a qualified medical practitioner or professional with needed skills.

My authorities are sections 11, 494 and 495 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and other similar laws across States in Nigeria.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 259)
HOW LONG CAN A GOVERNOR SPEND STATE MONEYS WITHOUT APPROVAL OF HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY.

Every year, every governor is expected by law to send in a budget to its House of Assembly for approval. The process of approving a budget may take months and within such time there is always need for state to spend public funds. Until a budget is approved, a Governor can withdraw and spend moneys from the Consolidated Revenue Funds of the state for necessary services of government for a period not more than six (6) months or until budget is approved, which ever that happens first prevails.
Such money to be withdrawn within such time must not be more than the amount that was approved for the previous year’s budget for such period of time.

My authorities are sections 122, 318 and 319 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999.

 

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 258)
OFFENCES THAT CAN BE COMMITTED WITH A BALLOT PAPER IN NIGERIA.

Ballot Paper is an important election material. It is said that, Ballot Paper is stronger than a bullet. You indicate your choice of candidate on a ballot paper.

The following are electoral offences that can be committed on or using a ballot paper;
1. Forging of ballot paper or official mark on it.
2. Destruction of ballot paper
3. Giving of ballot paper to another person without authority and
4. Removal of ballot paper from any polling station
The punishment for any of the above offences is imprisonment for not more than 2 years.

Another set of offences concerning a ballot paper is;
1. Unauthorised printing of ballot paper or fake ballot papers
2. Printing more than the approved numbers or quantity of ballot papers approved by Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC)
3. Possession of ballot paper when not in process of voting
4. Manufacturing, Construction, importation, supply of devices or mechanism for secret storage or diversion of ballot papers in Nigeria.
The punishment for any of the above offences or an attempt to commit such is imprisonment for not more than 10 years and or N50, 000, 000.00.

My authorities are section 118(1)(e)(f)(g)(i), section 118(2),(3) and 158 of the Electoral Act, 2010.

 

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 257)

THE OFFENCE OF OWNING OR MANAGING A HOUSE USED FOR INTERNET SCAM.

Any person that merely allows or knowingly permits a property he occupies or manages to be used for internet scam or any form of advanced fee fraud is guilty of an offence. It is punishable with an imprisonment for not less than 5 years and not more than 15 years without an option of fine.

My authorities are sections 3 and 22 of the Advanced Fee Fraud and other Fraud Related Offences Act, 2006.

 

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 256)
“DURATION FOR COMMUNICATION OF INJURY BY WORKERS TO AVOID LOSS OF COMPENSATION IN ANY WORKPLACE IN NIGERIA.”

Employee, workers, staff, contract staff, permanent and temporal staff of any government or private sector are all protected and to be paid for injury/disease/death sustained because of their work. Where an employee has such injury he must communicate same to his employer through a manager, supervisor or agent in charge of the place of work within 14 days. Where such employee is dead, then his dependants must make the communication. The communication must contain the name of the employee, time and place of event as well as the nature and cause of same in simple language.
Where an employee or his dependants fail to make such communication, they are prohibited from making any claims for compensation under the Employees’ Compensation Act. The Board of Nigeria Social Insurance Trust Fund May still allow such employee/his dependants to make claims where the board believes that the employer of such employee is aware of the incident and has not been prejudiced and the employee sufficiently described his disease or injury.

My authorities are sections 4(1) and (4), 73 and 74 of the Employees’ Compensation Act, 2010.



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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 255)
“IS AN ARRESTED PERSON ENTITLED TO LIST OF ALL PROPERTY TAKEN FROM HIM”

Gone are the days property of an arrested person are stolen or lost by an arresting officer. It is the duty of an arresting police officer to record details and inventory of all items and property recovered from an arrested person. Such must be signed by both the police officer and arrested person. Then, the arrested person and his lawyer as well as any other person the arrested person may authorise are entitled to copies of the inventory.

My authorities are sections 10(1), (2), (3) and 494 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and other similar laws across States in Nigeria.

 

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 254)
“IS IT ILLEGAL TO SPRAY OR DANCE ON NAIRA NOTES (MONEY) IN NIGERIA”.

It is your right to own and keep money and even dance in social events. Please note that is illegal to spray, sprinkle, shower or throw Naira notes in any part of Nigeria. It is also illegal to dance, step or match on Naira notes in any event including social gatherings in any part of Nigeria.
They are offences punishable with not less than 6 months imprisonment and or fine of N50,000.00.

My authorities are sections 21 and 61 of the Central Bank of Nigeria Act, 2007.

NOTE

This is our last Tip for this year. Thanks for reading our Daily Law Tips and we wish you a memorable Christmas celebration. We shall resume on 20th January 2019.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 253)
“DO CARS WITH FACTORY FITTED TINTED GLASSES NEED PERMIT FROM POLICE”.

It is a crime to own or use or drive a vehicle with tinted glass without a permit in any part of Nigeria. This applies to everyone; including politicians, celebrities, thugs and security officers. Tinted glass must not be dark, so it includes shaded glass, coloured glass and even glass covered with advertisement. A glass is tinted so far as persons or objects in the vehicle are not visible.

Permit for tinted glass is issued only on 2 grounds/reasons; Security or Health. It does not matter that your vehicle was manufactured and imported with tinted glass or that you bought it in Nigeria from someone that has a permit for tinted glass.

Permit for tinted glass is not issued to Vehicles rather to individuals and as such are personal and not transferable. Legally speaking nobody should ever be issued a permit for tinted glass just because his car came with factory fitted tinted glasses. The law expects you not to bring into Nigeria or buy a vehicle with tinted glass if you have no security or medical challenge.
Owning or using a vehicle with tinted glass but without a permit is an offence punishable with imprisonment for not more than 6 months and or fine of #2,000.00.

My authorities are sections 1, 2, 4 and 6 of the Motor Vehicles (Prohibition of Tinted Glass) Act, 1991.

Click and Read my full article on tinted permit, titled; “Prohibition Of Tinted Glass In Nigeria; Who Is Guilty?”

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 252)
“IS IT LEGAL FOR CIVILIANS TO USE/PAINT ARMY COLOUR ON VEHICLES IN NIGERIA”.

It is unlawful for any person to drive or be in charge of any motor vehicle painted in army green colour that does not belong to the Nigerian Army. Police has powers to seize such vehicle. It is an offence punishable with fine of #200 only and or imprisonment for not more than 6 months.

My authorities are sections 1, 2 and 5 of the Army Colour (Prohibition of Use) Act, 1977.

 

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 251)
“WHAT IS THE PUNISHMENT FOR ANY PERSON INCLUDING POLICE OFFICERS THAT TORTURES ANOTHER PERSON”.

In Nigeria, “Torture” includes parading of person in public, food deprivation, feeding with spoilt food or excreta, rubbing of pepper, rape, sexual abuse, use of drugs, blindfolding, threat/maltreatment of family and friends, prolonged interrogation to deny sleep, threat of death, denial of sleep, removal of clothes(nakedness), shaving of hair or secret detentions.
Any person that performs or witnesses or allows for any of the above to be performed on any person in Nigeria, upon conviction is punishable with imprisonment for a maximum term of 25 years.
Where torture caused death of tortured person, it is considered as murder and its punishable with death sentence.

My authorities are sections 2, 3, 8 and 13 of the Anti-Torture Act, 2017 and sections 316 and 319 of the Criminal Code as well as sections 220 and 221 of the Penal Code.

 

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 250)
“CAN POLICE RELEASE, RECOVERED PROPERTY TO ITS OWNER, EVEN WHERE IT’S AN EXHIBIT TO BE USED IN COURT”.

Often times, Police officers refuse to release stolen but recovered property to their owners under the excuse that such are “exhibits” to be used in court against arrested suspects. This causes hardship and even damage to property.

Now by the Administration of Criminal Justice Act 2015, upon a request, a police officer has right to release any property recovered from an arrested suspect to the owner of such property or to any person that has interest on such property. Such property is to be released on bond (an undertaking to return such property where the need arises) until such arrested suspect is sent to court.

If police fails to release such property, then such police must make a report to the court stating information of the property recovered from the arrested suspect and the court can then order that such property be returned to its owners in the interest of justice, where necessary.

Note that where an arrested suspect is released and not charged to court for lack of evidence, any property recovered from such arrested suspect must be returned to him unless there is proof that such property is connected to crime.

My authorities are sections 10(4)(5)(6)and 7 and 494 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and other similar laws in states across Nigeria.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 249)
“IT IS A CRIME TO ALTER OR DESTROY VOTER’S REGISTRATION NOTICE/INFORMATION”.

Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has powers to provide information for registration of voters. It is an offence for any person to alter, destroy, change, remove or cancel any information or notice provided for registration of voters. It is an offence punishable with a maximum fine of N1 Million Naira and or term of imprisonment for 12 months.

My authorities are sections 117(1)(a) and (I) and 158 of the Electoral Act, 2010.

 

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#LearnNigerianLaws

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 248)
“A FEMALE TOO, CAN BE GUILTY OF RAPE IN NIGERIA”.

Before now, rape was considered in Nigeria as penetration of vagina with penis without consent, thereby making it an offence for Males only. That has changed.
Now, RAPE is where there is an intentional but unauthorised penetration of vagina, anus or mouth of another person with any part of the body or anything else. Hence, males like females can sue for rape and also rape can be of anal/mouth too.

My authorities are sections 1, 47 and 48 of the Violence Against Persons (Prohibition) Act, 2015 and other similar laws in states of the federation.

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#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws
NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 247)
“WHICH COURT CAN HEAR CASES OF LAND DISPUTES IN VILLAGES AND RURAL COMMUNITIES IN NIGERIA”.

Where there is a dispute over land under customary ownership or located in rural areas under customary laws, such dispute must be determined in an Area Court or Customary Court or any equivalent court in any state In Nigeria.

My authorities are sections 41 and 52 of Land Use Act, 1978.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws


NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 246)
“HOW TO DETECT AUTHENTIC DOCUMENTS MADE BY A COMPANY”

Documents including receipts, contracts and appointments from a company are often falsified, there by throwing third parties into doubts when transacting with companies. A document from a company which requires authentication must be signed by director, Secretary or any other officer of such company with or without seal of the company.

My authorities are sections 77 and 696 of the Companies and Allied Matters Act, 1990.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws


NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 245)
“AN ARRESTING POLICE OFFICER CAN SEIZE ANY WEAPON FOUND”

An arresting police officer does not need a court order to seize any instrument of violence and poisonous materials found on any suspect. Even a civilian, a non police office making an arrest has rights to seize such weapons and poisonous materials too.

My authorities are sections 9(4) and 494 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and similar laws across the states in Nigeria.

#CriminalJusticeMonday
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws
NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 243)
“IT IS A CRIME TO FAIL IN CHILD IMMUNISATION.”

Every parent/guardian with custody of a child in Nigeria, irrespective of tribe, religion and wealth must provide full immunisation for such child under the age of 2 years.
Failure to do so, is an offence punishable with a fine not exceeding #5, 000 Naira for first time offenders but imprisonment for not more than 1 month for second time or more offenders and also an order that such child be immunised.

My authorities are sections 4, 5, and 278 of Child’s Rights Act, 2003.

 

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws
NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS 
            by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
                  (Tip 244)
“IT IS AN OFFENCE TO SELL OR BUY VOTER’S CARD IN NIGERIA”.
 
Voter’s card is not a commodity for buying and selling. You are not allowed to loan, transfer, share, sell, alienate, mortgage or buy a voter’s card in any part of Nigeria. Selling or buying voter’s card is a criminal offence punishable with a maximum fine of N1 Million Naira and or imprisonment for 12 months.

My authorities are sections 120 (d) and 158 of the Electoral Act, 2010.

DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 242)
“WHEN TO SUE AN ANNOYING PUBLIC OFFICER IN NIGERIA .”

Where a public officer (government staff) or even government institutions wrongs you while performing his/her/its official duties, you have a right to sue such person/institutions in a court. If you wish to sue such public officer/institution you must do so within 3 months from the date you were wronged. Public officers include all local governments, state governments and federal government workers, civil servants, public office holders, government institutions, civil service commission, government companies, agencies, schools and even any ordinary person executing public/government duties. After 3 months such public officers/institutions cannot be sued in Nigeria.
Note that where a public officer/institution acts outside his/her/its duties or out of malice(wickedness) or for private gains he/it is not protected and can be sued even after 3 months.

My authorities are sections 1 and 2 of the Public Officers Protection Act 1916, the Public Officer Protection Laws of states across Nigeria and the Judgements in the cases below:

1. INEC V. OGBADIBO LOCAL GOVERNMENT & ORS (2015) LPELR-24839(SC)

2. Abubakar & ANOR V. The Executive Governor, Gombe State and Ors (2002) LPELR-11247(CA).

 

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws
NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 241)
“NO COMPANY IN NIGERIA CAN BE SERVED COURT PROCESSES BY SUBSTITUTED MEANS.”

Contrary to common opinion/practise among fellow lawyers, no company in Nigeria can be served by substituted means. Substituted means is employed where personal service of court processes on natural being(human being) fails or may fail. Companies and corporations are not natural/human beings and as such personally service cannot be effected on them. Since personal service cannot be effected on companies, there can never be substituted service on companies. The Companies and Allied Matters Act as well as Rules of different courts, have provided clear means of serving court processes on companies in Nigeria. This includes service on Officers of Companies or delivering/leaving such on registered office or branch offices of companies without needing an order of any court for substituted service. Hence, Lawyers should stop wasting time in court seeking for order of substituted service on companies!

My authorities are section 78 of Companies and Allied Matters Act, Rules of all Courts in Nigeria and the Judgments in the following Supreme Court and Court of Appeal cases;

1. MARK V. EZE (2004) 5 NWLR (PT. 865) 54, (SC)

2. NBC PLC V. UBANI (2014) NWLR, PT. 1398 at 421, (SC)

3. PLASTEX (NIG) LTD V. MAINLAND OIL & GAS (2018) LPELR-43509(CA),

4. OBADINA & ORS V. FASOYINRO (2017) LPELR-42182(CA),

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws
NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 240)
“SITUATIONS WHERE A MALE SECURITY OFFICER CAN SEARCH FEMALES IN NIGERIA.”

Above all, all searches must be conducted decently. By law a person can be searched by a police officer of same sex but where there is urgent situation or in interest of justice it is impossible for same sex police officer to conduct such search, a police officer of opposite sex can search a person of opposite sex. Hence, a male police officer can search a female suspect in such circumstances in any part of Nigeria. This extends to any officer of any law enforcement agency in Nigeria created by Act of National Assembly, like EFCC, DSS, NSA, NDLEA, ICPC, Customs, NAPTIP, Prisons and Civil Defence. This excludes all the private security companies and their officers.

My authorities are sections 9(3) and 494 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and similar laws across the states in Nigeria.

#CriminalJusticeMonday
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws
NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 239)
“DOUBLE REGISTRATION OF A VOTER IS A CRIME IN NIGERIA“

It is a criminal offence for any person to be registered more than once for voters registration in any part of Nigeria. It is punishable with a maximum fine of N1 Million Naira and Or imprisonment for 12 months.

My authorities are sections 117(1)(c) and 158 of the Electoral Act, 2010.

#SabiElectionLaws
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws
NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 238)
“IS IT LEGAL FOR GOVERNMENT OR ANY GROUP TO CHARGE YOU FOR DRILLING BOREHOLE ON YOUR LAND? “

The right to use any water (both surface and unground water) in any part of Nigeria is vested on the Federal Government of Nigeria. But, any person (Nigerian or Foreigner) who has either a statutory or customary right of occupancy to any land in any part of Nigeria, has right to take and use water including unground water source(like Wells and boreholes) from that land for domestic purposes, and agricultural purposes WITHOUT ANY CHARGE, COST, FEE, TAX or LEVY.
The recent demand for borehole levy by locals and some groups are illegal and should be stopped. Talk to your lawyer, today.

My authorities are sections 1, 2, 8, 9, 10, 13, 20 and 21 of the Water Resources Act,

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws
NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 237)
“IT IS A CRIME TO KEEP, SELL OR DISTRIBUTE FERTILISER WITHOUT APPROVAL OR EXPORT SAME IN NIGERIA.”

Fertiliser is a government controlled commodity in Nigeria. Federal government determines who sells, distributes, transports and keeps custody of fertiliser as well as selling points.
It is a crime for any person to deal on fertiliser, sell, distribute, convert, dump or transport fertiliser in any part of Nigeria without approval of the Minister of Agriculture or his delegate. It is also a crime to export fertiliser from Nigeria. The offences are punishable with 10 years imprisonment without an option of fine.

My authorities are sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10 and 11 of the Fertiliser (Control) Act, 1992.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws
NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 236)
“THE TWO (2) RIGHTS OF ANY PERSON WHOSE LOCAL OR INTERNATIONAL FLIGHT IS CANCELLED IN NIGERIA.”

Where any flight (including both local and international) is cancelled by the airline operating company, it’s passengers are entitled some rights whether or not such flight was re-routed. There are Right To Monetary Compensation and Right to Care which beget the following;

(a.) Immediate payment of compensation of 25% of the fares or ticket price for local flight and 30% for international flight. Such is payable in cash/bank transfer, bank cheque and with agreement of passenger, also payable in travel voucher.

(b.) Refreshments, meals, hotel accommodation, transportation between hotel and airport, free 2 phone calls and SMS/email, where passengers are offered a re-routing alternative flight. This particular benefit will not apply to local flights where notice of cancellation was communicated within at least 24 hours before scheduled time of departure and in respect of international flight within 7 days.

Airlines are to give reasons for cancellation of flight and offer possible alternative transport. Where a flight is cancelled due to unavoidable extraordinary circumstances, the airline will not pay compensation and it is the duty of airline to prove so.

My authorities are sections 19.5.1, 19.6, 19.7, 19.8 and 20.1.7 of the Nigeria Civil Aviation Regulations 2012 (Nig. CARs 2012 Volume II).

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws
NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 235)
“THE 4 CONDITIONS FOR AN ARRESTED PERSON TO BE SEARCHED BY A POLICE OFFICER EVEN AFTER BAIL.”

There are 4 conditions/situations were a police officer can search an arrested suspect even after such arrested suspect has being offered bail and his bail conditions are met.
The situations are where there are good possibilities that:
1. The suspect has a stolen article.
2. The suspect has an object that can cause Violence or a poisonous substance.
3.The suspect has materials related with the offence he is alleging to have committed
4. The suspect has materials that may provide evidence against the suspect with regards to the offence against him.

My authority is section 9(2) of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and similar laws across the states in Nigeria.

#CriminalJusticeMonday
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 234)
“NEW MANDATORY DURATION FOR JUDGEMENTS ON ALL APPEALS ON PRE-ELECTION CASES IN NIGERIA”

After the Judgement of election tribunals on a pre-election issue, parties can appeal against such decisions of courts at the Court of Appeal.
The learned justices of Court of Appeal are to deliver judgement on a pre-election matter within 60 days from the day such appeal was filed.
This new provision is to ensure that pre-election cases are not made useless by general elections.

My authorities are section 285 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 and also Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 Alteration (No 21) Act 2017.

#SabiElectionLaws
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws


NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 233)
“TIME LIMIT WITHIN WHICH TO COMPLAIN AGAINST A JUDGE IN NIGERIA.

Where any person wishes to make a complaint against any Judge or Kadi in Nigeria, such complaint must be made within 6 months from the date the event or issue complained of, occurred. Where such event or issue complained of is continuous, then a report can be made anytime or within 6 months after it ends.
Note that the Chief Justice of Nigeria/Chairman of National Judicial Council may extend such time limits.

My authorities are Regulations 1, 11 and 12 of Judicial Discipline Regulations 2017.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 232)
“A CHILD IN NIGERIA CAN SUE THE PARENTS FOR NOT PROVIDING ENOUGH WEALTH FOR HIM”.

Yes, a child in Nigeria has a right to maintenance and can sue his parents or guardians for not providing for him in accordance with the extent of their means. He can sue in a family court. Hence, parents that dump their children, run away to enjoy themselves alone and build another family should be careful.

My authorities are sections 14(2) of Child’s Rights Act, 2003 and other similar laws enacted by States in Nigeria.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS 

by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 231)
“EDUCATION TAX MUST BE PAID YEARLY BY EVERY COMPANY IN NIGERIA”.

In Nigeria, there is a tax known as Education Tax payable by all companies registered in Nigeria and it is collected by the Federal Inland Revenue Services (FIRS). So, Business Names are not to pay Education Tax. It is calculated at the rate of 2% of assessable profit of a company and is payable within 60 days of demand for same. Refusing to pay education tax is an offence punishable with punitive charge of 5% of the tax against the company. Where there is a further delay for 2 months, it is punishable against all the directors and key managers of the company with 6 months imprisonment or fine of 1 million Naira for first time offenders and 12 months or 2 Million Naira for subsequent offenders.

My authorities are is sections 1, 2, 10, 11, and 21 of the Tertiary Education Trust Fund (Establishment, Etc) Act, 2011.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 230)
“DUTY OF POLICE TO PROTECT ALL PROPERTY OF A SUSPECT IN DETENTION IN NIGERIA”

It is the duty of police officers to safely keep in custody all articles found on a suspect in detention apart from his/her necessary clothes.
Hence, suspects’ property including money, wallet, phones, jewelleries, car keys and tyres among other things should never get missing in a police station. If any of your property gets missing while in custody of police, you have a right to sue Nigerian Police and seek legal remedies! Talk to your lawyer.

My authority is section 9(1)(b) of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and similar laws across the states in Nigeria.

#CriminalJusticeMonday
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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On November 14, 2018, the leading law publisher in Nigeria by name "The Nigeria Lawyer" featured Onyekachi Umah, Esq as the Legal Personality of the Week. Mr. Umah granted an interview to TheNigeriaLawyer.com and same was published on www.TheNigerialawyer.com and same is reproduced below;  

MAY WE KNOW YOU, SIR?

My name is Onyekachi Umah.

WHO IS ONYEKACHI UMAH, ESQ IN DETAILS?

Onyekachi Umah is a husband and a private legal practitioner with amazing experience in intellectual property, transaction and regulation advisory, corporate, commercial and investment law and energy law as well as litigation and arbitration arising from them. He is a certified arbitrator both in Nigeria and the United Kingdom. He is a member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (UK) and a Certified Conflict Management Practitioner. He is a member of prestigious “Young ICSID” of International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), Washington DC. Among other, he has a certificate in Law of Contract from a program of Harvard University, a certificate in International Environmental Negotiation from United Nations Institute for Training and Research, Geneva and recently, a certificate in Conflict Management from United States Institute of Peace, Washington, D.C. He also holds a master of laws degree from University of Jos.

He is the managing partner of a leading law firm; Bezaleel Chambers International. He is the founder and President of a free law awareness platform known as www.LearnNigerianLaws.com that promotes awareness and understanding of rights and laws of Nigeria (#SabiLaw) and offers free daily law tips (#DailyLawTips). Understanding the challenges of Administration of Criminal Justice in Nigeria, he dedicates his daily law tips every Mondays to promoting Criminal Justice (#CriminalJusticeMonday). Recently, he started a new series on Election Laws tagged (#SabiElectionLaws) to increase legal awareness on elections laws, policies and regulations in Nigeria. He is the convener of the Sabi Law Lecture Series (#SabiLawLectureSeries), travelling around Nigeria delivering free law awareness lectures. He also organises and sponsors a quarterly competition, titled “Sabi Law Video Challenge” (#SabiLawVideoChallenge) were Nigerians win money (over $130.00 per winner) for making videos of themselves talking on any law or right as a way to promote law awareness and have fun. To further promote legal awareness among Nigerians across the world, he started a law awareness show titled “Sabi Law With Onyekachi Umah, Esq” (#SabiLawWithOnyekachiUmahEsq) showing on social media platforms via @LearnNigerianLaws.

Mr. Umah has written over Three Hundred (300) free to access articles and materials on law with a desire to enlighten the public. He is also the Assistant Secretary of Nigerian Bar Association, Capital Bar, Abuja and a member of the Rotary Club of Abuja, Metro (RCAM), District 9125. Among others, he is serving as a member of the Advisory Committee for Law Clinics Partnership for Reforming Pre-trial Detention in Kuje Prison Project funded by the United States Department Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement. He has been featured as the Legal Personality of the Week by This Day Newspaper (a leading national newspaper) on its September 11, 2018 edition and has also won several awards for his innovative legal practise across the world.

HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN IN LAW PRACTICE?

I have been practicing law in Nigeria for about 8 years.

ARE YOU THE AUTHOR OF “DAILY LAW TIPS”.

Yes, I am the author of “Daily Law Tips” published on www.TheNigeriaLawyer.com and  www.LearnNigerianLaws.com

 HOW DID “DAILY LAW TIPS” START?

Well, since my days as a student, I have had people calling for advices and tips on their rights. As a practicing lawyer, I receive numerous calls from clients, strangers, fellow lawyers and friends, asking for clarifications, tips, “how-Tos” and “What-To-Dos” on rights, duties, laws and policies affecting them, their families and business. Majority of the questions are on human rights, employment, tenancy, family, criminal, business regulation, justice administration, immigration, probate, tax and commercial law.  Often times, questions are repeated and my answers are undocumented considering the means of communication and as such they cannot not easily be stored and passed on to another person in need.

Bum, an idea came in December 2017, when Nigerian police was harassing Nigerians on use of Christmas fireworks without any legislative authority. I recorded my tips on the subject matter and shared it on social media to ensure people are not intimidated by police and punished for no offence. Since it was a season for settlement of family and traditional land disputes across villages in Nigeria, I wrote a lot of tips on the subject matter and shared freely. The response from my family, friends and fans were amazing and encouraging. So, I stopped repeating myself, since I could easily refer people to my earlier answers to their questions. I started writing my responses to questions as “Daily Law Tips”, sharing same for free across the world. As at today, we have published over 220 daily law tips on numerous areas of Nigerian laws and regulations, shared on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, LinkedIn, Google+, MyBusiness and WhatsApp for free with over 11 Million views.

WHAT IS THE MOTIVATION BEHIND YOUR “DAILY LAW TIPS”.

First of all, out of experience, most cases in Nigeria are avoidable with due diligence. Stereotypes, religion, poor educational level, poor legal literacy, disregard for formal agreement and lack of trust in judiciary have increased disagreement and disputes in Nigeria. Apart from pre-election and election petitions, majority of civil cases are mere small claims that can be avoided by a little understanding of rights, simple agreement and due diligence (background checks). Hence, my motivation is to freely offer my experience, knowledge and understanding of law to all Nigerians across the world via “#DailyLawTips” as a means to increase access to justice, increase understanding of law and demand for rule of law in Nigeria.

WHAT CHALLENGES DO YOU FACE IN PUBLISHING YOUR “DAILY LAW TIPS”.

To run a daily publication, requires special grace, hard work and perseverance in order to keep up with delivery time and maintain standards. As a Nigerian residing in Nigeria, I battle with unreliable electricity supply and internet services. To combat them, I generate and supply my own electric power and since I cannot do same for internet, I have existing subscription with four (4) telecommunication companies at all times. Considering the nature of my work as a practicing lawyer, I travel a lot and there are no internet services in most airports except in their VIP lounges. Worse still, in Enugu Airport, there has been no internet in the VIP lounge maintained by government and I still get to pay same service fee any time I stay in the VIP lounge. So, to research and publish on the go like I do, it quite expensive in Nigeria. Time is the most expensive assets I put into the project, having in mind alternative forgone.

AS A PRACTICING LAWYER, WHAT ADVICE DO YOU HAVE FOR THE JUDICIARY.

Among the three arms of government, Judiciary is the less respected and funded. There is need for absolute separation of power and rule of law for our democracy to deepen. The executives must respect court orders. Elections are around, there is need for judges to avoid ex parte orders that can truncate democratic processes. Bribery and corruption should not be sighted in our judiciary rather impartiality and wisdom. For us, the practicing lawyers, we waste a lot of time waiting for judges who may be sick or out on administrative engagements. I advice that judges’ calendars should be consulted before fixing courtesy calls, parades and appointments that take them off court.

I look forward to a judicial system, where lawyers need not come to court before 9:00am only to be heard by 3:23pm after a long wait and loss of other businesses. Cases should be adjourned to clear dates and times, so that lawyers come in to do their cases about 10 minutes before the commencement time, to avoid waste and increase productivity. Often times at the Court of Appeal and Supreme Court in Abuja, I wait for over five (5) hours only to be heard to do my case for the day for 25 minutes. Still on the Court of Appeal, there is need to offer three microphones to all members of a panel instead of only to the presiding judge since all members get to talk and the microphone is stationed.

DO YOU SUPPORT THE CONFERMENT OF THE TITLE OF SENIOR ADVOCATE OF NIGERIA ON OUTSTANDING LAWYERS?

Yes, I do. Life progresses where there is a motivation and hard work must be appreciated. Apart from win smiles of clients, touching lives and making monies the next inspiring factor for young lawyers in Nigeria is the title of Senior Advocate of Nigeria. Some lawyers are sane and upright not because of training alone, eagle eye of disciplinary committee but because they want the blessing of our Legal Practitioners Privileges Committee. So, it has a way of holding our ethics and identifying mentors for younger professionals. I support the title and I desire it.

IS THERE A BRIGHT FUTURE FOR NIGERIAN LAWYERS IN NIGERIA?

There is a very bright future for lawyers in Nigeria and many more to come. Going by statistics, there are 16 Federal faculties of law, 20 State faculties of law and 19 private faculties of Law. There are only 6 Law School Campuses in Nigeria and 1,550 candidates were called to bar in July, 2018 while 4, 633 candidates will be called to bar by this November, 2018. From a reliable source, there are not up to 100, 000 lawyers in Nigeria. Nigeria has a population of 197,403,529 as at October 27, 2018, based on the latest United Nations estimates. Hence, roughly a single lawyer in Nigeria has more than about 1,974 Nigerians to engage his services. Also remember that the population of Nigeria is growing uncontrollably while the graduation of lawyers is controlled. The natural resources of Nigeria and economic potentials will keep increasing Nigeria’s foreign direct investment, thereby increase number of foreigners and business in need of lawyers and their legal services. Above all, foreign lawyers are not authorized to practice in Nigeria, so Nigerian lawyers are immune from the annoying importation appetite of Nigerians. I am not unaware of some dubious foreign businesses here in Nigeria, secretly engaging foreign lawyers on Nigerian soil. So, Nigeria is a wonderful country to practice law and there is a geometric growth of legal literacy among Nigerians, thereby increasing demand for rule of law and access to justice.

WHAT ADVICE DO YOU HAVE FOR YOUNG LAWYERS?

Legal practice is for lawyers that are dedicated to hard work! Nothing good comes easy and nothing is magical here. You need to prove yourself, think out of the box and fly with technological advancements. Ensure you use To-do lists and consciously time your day and activities to ensure maximum productivity. If you want quick money, please don’t practice law!

Thank you!

DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 229)
“DEADLINE FOR APPEALING AGAINST JUDGEMENT OF COURT ON ANY PRE-ELECTION MATTER”

Every judgment of a court on any pre-election case can only be appealed against within 14 days from the date such judgement was delivered.

My authorities are section 285 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 and also Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 Alteration (No 21) Act 2017.

#SabiElectionLaws
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 228)
“DEADLINE FOR REGISTRATION OF BUSINESS NAMES IN NIGERIA”

Business names in Nigeria are to be registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) at least within 28 days after their commencement of business.
Also note that registration of business name is not necessary where a business name contains just names and initials of its owners.

My authorities are sections 570, 572, 573 and 574 of Companies and Allied Matters Act, 1990.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 227)
“IT IS AN OFFENCE TO MAKE TRIBAL MARKS OR TATTOOS ON A CHILD IN NIGERIA”

It is a criminal offence to make any tattoo or marks including tribal marks on a child in Nigeria. It is punishable with a fine of not more than N5000 or and a month imprisonment.

My authorities are sections 24 and 278 of Child Rights Act, 2003.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 226)
“DEADLINE FOR REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS IN NIGERIA”

Every brith in any part of Nigeria, whether in hospital, church, home, market, hostel or any where must be registered and certificate of registration issued. It is compulsory.
Every birth must be registered within 60 days from the day of such birth for free or 12 months or more from the day of birth for a prescribed fee.

My authorities are sections 1, 7, 10 and 52 of Births, Deaths etc (Compulsory Registration) Act, 1992.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 225)
“POLICE AND THE REMOVAL OF CLOTHES OF A SUSPECT IN DETENTION; WHAT THE LAW SAYS”

Often times, once a suspect is brought into a police station for detention all his clothes are taken away from him, leaving such suspect with only his pant. Such practise is illegal.
A suspect when brought to police station is entitled to wear and keep necessary clothes; which means clothes to cover his body and not just his private part.

My authority is section 9(1)(b) of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and similar laws across the states in Nigeria.

#CriminalJusticeMonday
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 224)
“CAN A WORKER/STAFF IN NIGERIA BE PAID IN KIND INSTEAD OF WITH MONEY?”

No staff, worker or employee in any employment whatsoever in Nigeria can be paid all his wages/salary in kind. Any employment agreement that allows such is illegal, invalid, null and void. Please, workers should stop accepting products and goods as wages/salary instead of money. Concerned workers should protest and seek legal advice from lawyers.

My authorities are sections 1 and 91 of the Labour Act, 1971.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 223)
“COMPULSORY DATE FOR COURTS TO GIVE JUDGEMENTS IN ALL PRE-ELECTION CASES (PARTY PRIMARIES) IN NIGERIA”

Every pre-election dispute must be filed into election tribunals within 14 days of commencement of such dispute. Then, such tribunals (National and State House of Assembly Election Tribunal and Governorship Election Tribunals) must deliver judgements on all pre-election cases within 180 days from the date such pre-election cases where filed.
This is to ensure that pre-election cases are not made useless by general elections.

My authorities are section 285 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 and also Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 Alteration (No 21) Act 2017.

#SabiElectionLaws
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 221)
“PUBLIC APPEAL FOR DONATIONS IS A CRIME IN ABUJA, NIGERIA, ALTHOUGH WITH EXEMPTIONS.”

It is a criminal offence to make public appeal for donations in money or in kind in any part of Abuja, Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria without registration of such public collection with the Minister for Federal Capital Territory. It is punishable with fine of #100 and or 6 months imprisonment for first time offenders but double of same for subsequent offenders.
Kindly note that collections in worship places as well as by club/association members for renewal of subscription or for charity or public interest projects are exempted and permitted.

My authority is sections 3, 5, 6 and 11 of Public Collections (Regulation) Act, 1948. Laws of the Federation of Nigeria (ABUJA).

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 219)
“IT IS A CRIMINAL OFFENCE TO PUBLISH A BOOK AND NOT SEND COPIES TO THE NATIONAL LIBRARY WITHIN STIPULATED TIME”

Publisher of any book published in any part of Nigeria, whether in hard copy or soft copy, must within 1 month after publication of such, deliver 3 best original copies to the National Library. The publisher must send the books and bear the cost of same. The books includes pamphlets, sheets of musics, maps, charts, plans, tables, dictionaries, newspapers, magazines, year books and compilation, etc.
Failure to adhere, is an offence punishable with #100.00 and may be an additional order for delivery of 3 copies of concerned books or payment of value of same to Director of National Library.

My authority is section 4 of National Library Act, 1970.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 218)
“CAN A “WILL” BE REWRITTEN AFTER DEATH OF ITS OWNER ?”

An owner (testator) of a Will has the right to share his property in the manner he pleases. He can also change his Will as many times as he pleases before his death. Once the maker is dead, no person can change his Will. His Will must be respected by all.

My authority is Asika V. Atuanya (2013) 14 NWLR PART 1375.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 217)
“A Business Name Is Not A Company But Can Sue or Be Sued To Any Court”

A business name is just a trade name for business and not a company. Well, like a company, a business name can now sue/charge any person to any court or be sued/charged to any court by any person for any reason whatsoever.
This is a departure from the old tradition of suing Business Names through their owners and partners.

My authority is Order 13 Rules 25 and 29 of the High Court of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja (Civil Procedure) Rules 2018 and other similar rules of courts across Nigeria.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 216)
“DEADLINE FOR GOING TO COURTS FOR PRE-ELECTION PARTY DISPUTES IN NIGERIA”.

All persons uncomfortable with pre-election results and decisions of their political parties must file their cases within 14 days from the date of the events, decisions or actions they are complaining against. It is a constitutional provision and binds all political parties and situations.
This is to ensure that pre election cases are determined by courts timely before such cases becomes useless and overtaken by events like general elections.

My authorities are section 285 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 and also Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 Alteration (No 21) Act 2017.

#SabiElectionLaws
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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THE LAWYER IN EQUITY & THE JOURNEY TO THE BAR;

LEVERAGING ON THE RIGHT MIND SET AND SKILL SET FOR A CONSTANTLY EVOLVING PROFESSION

By 

ONYEKACHI UMAH, ESQ., LL.M, ACIArb(UK)

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,08037665878

Founder, LearnNigerianLaws.com

Convener, Sabi Law Lecture Series

 

 

DELIVERED ON MONDAY, 29TH OCTOBER, 2018 (10:00 AM)

AT THE WHATSAPP PLATFORM OF THE LAW STUDENT'S DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE

(09085314216 or 09097468533). 

18th SABI LAW LECTURE SERIES. 

LECTURE CONTENTS:

           

 0. Profile of Onyekachi Umah     

1.Assumptions
2.Facts
3.Finish Strong and Ready
4.Think, Think, Read and  Think
5.SabiLawMaster’s Interlude
6.Marry Technology
7.Dream Making
8.Business of Law
9.The Way Forward
10.Conclusion
 
Download For FREE!

Full text of this lecture can be downloaded via the link below in PDF format.  

THE LINK IS AFTER THE COMMENT BOX, BELOW. 

 

DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 214)
“Tobacco Container Must Possess Health Warnings”.

For any tobacco to be lawfully sold in Nigeria, it’s package/container must have on it, a rotating warnings that “Federal Ministry of Health warns that tobacco smoking is dangerous to health” and “Smokers are liable to die young”.

My authorities are sections 3(1)(a) and 7 of the Tobacco Smoking (Control) Act.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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Page 1 of 5

Office Address

1 Durban Street,

off Ademola Adetokunbo Wuse 2, Abuja.

P: +234 803766 5878

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