*CONTENTS OF A GENUINE ATM RECEIPT IN NIGERIA.* DAILY LAW TIPS (Tip 292) By Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LLM. ACIArb(UK)

Due to developments in electronic payment system across Nigeria, the Central Bank of Nigeria approved a format for every physical and electronic records of transactions in Nigeria from any transaction channel including ATMs, POS, Internet Payments, Mobile Payments, Physical Branch or agent.

The approved receipt formats are sufficient proof of transactions in Nigeria and as such all financial institutions must provide customers with only approved receipts.

An approved receipt from an Automated Teller Machine (ATM), must contain the following;
1. Name of the Service Provider
2. Location/Terminal Identity
3. Transaction Identity
4. Date of transaction
5. Time of Transaction
6. Transaction type
7. Sequence Number
8. Account Name
9. Amount
10. Personal Account Number (PAN) (But should be Masked)
11. Card Type
12. Account Type
13. Reference Number

My authorities are sections 47(4) of the Central Bank of Nigeria Act, 2007 and Approved Format of Evidence For Electronic Transactions, 2013.

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#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 289)
ARE ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES ACCEPTABLE IN NIGERIA.

Where any document is to be approved/proved by signature, then an electronic signature on such document is a sufficient signature. So, electronic signatures are allowed and acceptable in any part of Nigeria including courts.

My authorities are sections 93(2) and 259 of the Evidence Act, 2011.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 285)
WHEN CAN POLICE SEARCH A HOUSE WITHOUT A WARRANT.

Ordinarily, police and every other security agency cannot search a house/property without a search warrant(written authority) issued by a court.
One of the situations, where a security officer can search any property/place without a search warrant is where a criminal suspect sought to be arrested is inside such house/property or is believed to be inside such house. In such situation, the person in charge of such house must give free access and all needed support to the security agency to search the property for the suspect.

My authorities are sections 12(1), 494 and 495 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and other similar laws across States in Nigeria.

You can download for free the above mentioned laws/regulations with the link below after the comment box.

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#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 281)
DEADLINE FOR ELECTION PETITIONS TO BE FILED IN COURT.

There is time for everything under the earth. A loser in an election has right to go to court and challenge the outcome of an election. Such must be done within 21 DAYS after the date his election result was declared.

My authorities are sections 134 and 158 of the Electoral Act, 2010.

#SabiElectionLaws
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

 

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 273)
IT IS AN OFFENCE TO GIVE GIFTS AND MONEY FOR ELECTION IN ANY PART OF NIGERIA.

No person in any part of Nigeria is allowed to directly or indirectly give gifts or monies to any group, community or person to induce and procure such person or group to vote at any election. A candidate is deemed to have committed an offence if gifts/money was given with his knowledge and consent or that of his aids/agents.
It is an offence of bribery and corruption punishable with fine of not more than #500,000.00 or imprisonment for 12 months or both.

My authorities are sections 124 and 158 of the Electoral Act, 2010.

#SabiElectionLaws
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 271)
NONE REGISTRATION OF SIM CARD IS A CRIME IN NIGERIA.

It is a criminal offence in Nigeria to own or use a mobile phone SIM card or any electronic telecommunications service without registration of same. At registration, a prospective customer/subscriber must give his details including full Name and Address to his network provider.
None registration or registration with fake information with intention to deceive is an offence punishable with imprisonment for not less than 3 years or fine of N100,000.00. Also note that where l a service provider fails to collect the needed information of a customer/subscriber, it is an offence punishable with fine of N100,000 and forfeiture of equipment/facility used to provide services.

My authorities are sections 12 and 22 of the Advanced Fee Fraud and Other Fraud Related Offences Act, 2006.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 270)
“THE RIGHT OF POLICE TO BREAK/DAMAGE ANY HOUSE IN SEARCH OF SUSPECTS EVEN WITHOUT WARRANT TO SEARCH”.

A Police Officer as well as all other members of other security agencies have right to break any door or window in a house/place to gain entrance, search and arrest a suspect with a warrant of arrest. This is allowed where access to house/place cannot be obtained from the owner or occupier of the house/place a suspect entered into it or stays.

My authorities are sections 12(2), 494 and 495 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and other similar laws across States in Nigeria.

#CriminalJusticeMonday
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 269)
IT IS A CRIME FOR “INEC” OFFICIALS TO BE LATE TO POLLING UNITS IN ANY PART OF NIGERIA.

All Polling Officers of Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) must report very early to polling units on any Election Day in any part of Nigeria. It is a criminal offence to be late without lawful excuse and is punishable with a fine of not more than #500,000.00 or and 12 months imprisonment.

My authorities are sections 123(2) and 158 of the Electoral Act, 2010.

#SabiElectionLaws
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 267)
LIST OF VOTER CARD OFFENCES IN NIGERIA.

Below is a list of offences that can be committed with a voter’s card in any part of Nigeria. They are;

1. LENDING OF VOTER’S CARD.
It is an offence for a holder of voter’s card to give same to some other person for it to be used at an election in any part of Nigeria. The only person that can collect a voter’s card at an election is an official of Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) acting in official duty.

2. RECEIVING OF VOTER’S CARD.
It is an offence for any person to receive any other person’s voter’s card while pretending to be another person in order to use such at an election.

3. POSSESSION OF MORE THAN ONE VOTER’S CARD.
Unless one is an official of Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), it is an offence to be in possession of more than one Voter’s card.

4. BUYING AND SELLING OF VOTER’S CARD.
It is an offence in any part of Nigeria, for any person to buy or sell voter’s card. Both seller and buyer will be held guilty.

Each of the above mentioned electoral offences is punishable with fine of not more than N1 Million Naira or imprisonment for not more than 12 months or both.

My authorities are sections 120 (1) (a), (b), (c), (d) and 158 of the Electoral Act, 2010.

#SabiElectionLaws
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 263)
WHO ARE THE SHAREHOLDERS OF THE CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA.

Central Bank of Nigeria is created to promote stability and continuity in economic management of Nigeria, among other things. The minimum authorised capital of the bank is One Hundred Billion Naira. The capital are all subscribed and held by only the Federal Government. Hence, the Federal Government of is the only shareholder of Central Bank of Nigeria. So, no individual, company, bank, foreign agency, state, state government or local government is permitted to be a shareholder of the Central Bank of Nigeria.

My authorities are sections 4, 60 and 61 of the Central Band of Nigeria Act, 2007.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 261)
LIST OF FRUITS/PLANTS PROHIBITED FROM IMPORTATION IN NIGERIA.

Some fruits/plants whether living or dead are allowed to grow in Nigeria but cannot be imported into Nigeria or can only be imported with written permission. This is to control plant diseases and pests in Nigeria. It also extends to even soil.
Hence, the importation of prohibited fruits/Plants/Soil is a criminal offence punishable with fine of not more than One Hundred Naira or imprisonment for not more than six months and cost of destruction/exportation of such prohibited fruit.

Below are fruits, plants and soil prohibited from being imported into any part of Nigeria:

1.Banana and Plantain (leaves and fruits)
2. Beans (grains from USA, Bulgaria and some other countries)
3. Cassava ( All parts expecting vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
4. Citrus (Vegetative materials except for propagation)
5. Coconut (Vegetative materials)
6. Coffee(All parts including fruits except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
7. Cotton
8. Cowpea
9. Date Palms All parts including fruits except Vegetative propagating materials, fruits and seeds)
10. Fresh Fruits of any specie (from Asia eas of 60* longitude, Mauritius, Central and South America)
11. Gramineae (their flower heads, foliage,hay, fodder and litter)
12. Grape Vine (Vegetative propagating materials)
13. Groundnut(Vegetative materials except for propagation)
14. Maize (their hay, fodder, straw and litter for packing except seeds and unmilled grain for consumption)
15. Oil Palm (Flowers, foliage and all timber)
16. Peas and related plants (their Vegetative material including hay, fodder and litter).
17. Pepper and Chillies (their Vegetative materials and fresh fruits)
18. Pineapple (their fruits)
19. Potatoes (All parts except seed tubers, tubers or consumption and seeds)
20. Rice (Vegetative Materials)
21. Rose and Strawberry (Vegetative materials)
22. Rubber Trees (All parts except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
23. Soils and Composts(for any use other than scientific and analytical purposes)
24. Sorghum (All parts except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
25. Soya Bean (Vegetative materials)
26. Sugar Cane( Cane for consumption, flower heads and foliage)
27. Sweet Potato (All parts except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
28. Tea (From any part of the world except African Continent)
29. Tobacco (Vegetative materials and seeds)
30. Tomatoes (Vegetative materials and fresh fruits)
31. Wheat, Barely, Oats and Rye( Vegetative materials)
32. Walnuts (Vegetative materials)
33. Yam (All parts except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds as well as Tubers for consumption).

My authorities are sections 1 2 and 5 of the Agriculture (Control of Importation) Act, 1964 and Paragraphs 2, 5, 7 and 9 of the Plants, etc.(Control of Importation) Regulations 1970.

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 260)
“CAN AN ARRESTED PERSON BE MEDICAL EXAMINED WITHOUT CONSENT”

Police or any other government owned security agency has right to arrest any person and medically examine such person without consent of the arrested person for needed evidence. The police can even use reasonable force where necessary in conducting such medical examination. Note that the medical examination must be conducted by a qualified medical practitioner or professional with needed skills.

My authorities are sections 11, 494 and 495 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and other similar laws across States in Nigeria.

#CriminalJusticeMonday
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 258)
OFFENCES THAT CAN BE COMMITTED WITH A BALLOT PAPER IN NIGERIA.

Ballot Paper is an important election material. It is said that, Ballot Paper is stronger than a bullet. You indicate your choice of candidate on a ballot paper.

The following are electoral offences that can be committed on or using a ballot paper;
1. Forging of ballot paper or official mark on it.
2. Destruction of ballot paper
3. Giving of ballot paper to another person without authority and
4. Removal of ballot paper from any polling station
The punishment for any of the above offences is imprisonment for not more than 2 years.

Another set of offences concerning a ballot paper is;
1. Unauthorised printing of ballot paper or fake ballot papers
2. Printing more than the approved numbers or quantity of ballot papers approved by Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC)
3. Possession of ballot paper when not in process of voting
4. Manufacturing, Construction, importation, supply of devices or mechanism for secret storage or diversion of ballot papers in Nigeria.
The punishment for any of the above offences or an attempt to commit such is imprisonment for not more than 10 years and or N50, 000, 000.00.

My authorities are section 118(1)(e)(f)(g)(i), section 118(2),(3) and 158 of the Electoral Act, 2010.

 

#SabiElectionLaws

#DailyLawTips

#SabiLaw

#LearnNigerianLaws

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 257)

THE OFFENCE OF OWNING OR MANAGING A HOUSE USED FOR INTERNET SCAM.

Any person that merely allows or knowingly permits a property he occupies or manages to be used for internet scam or any form of advanced fee fraud is guilty of an offence. It is punishable with an imprisonment for not less than 5 years and not more than 15 years without an option of fine.

My authorities are sections 3 and 22 of the Advanced Fee Fraud and other Fraud Related Offences Act, 2006.

 

#DailyLawTips

#SabiLaw

#LearnNigerianLaws

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 241)
“NO COMPANY IN NIGERIA CAN BE SERVED COURT PROCESSES BY SUBSTITUTED MEANS.”

Contrary to common opinion/practise among fellow lawyers, no company in Nigeria can be served by substituted means. Substituted means is employed where personal service of court processes on natural being(human being) fails or may fail. Companies and corporations are not natural/human beings and as such personally service cannot be effected on them. Since personal service cannot be effected on companies, there can never be substituted service on companies. The Companies and Allied Matters Act as well as Rules of different courts, have provided clear means of serving court processes on companies in Nigeria. This includes service on Officers of Companies or delivering/leaving such on registered office or branch offices of companies without needing an order of any court for substituted service. Hence, Lawyers should stop wasting time in court seeking for order of substituted service on companies!

My authorities are section 78 of Companies and Allied Matters Act, Rules of all Courts in Nigeria and the Judgments in the following Supreme Court and Court of Appeal cases;

1. MARK V. EZE (2004) 5 NWLR (PT. 865) 54, (SC)

2. NBC PLC V. UBANI (2014) NWLR, PT. 1398 at 421, (SC)

3. PLASTEX (NIG) LTD V. MAINLAND OIL & GAS (2018) LPELR-43509(CA),

4. OBADINA & ORS V. FASOYINRO (2017) LPELR-42182(CA),

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws
NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 219)
“IT IS A CRIMINAL OFFENCE TO PUBLISH A BOOK AND NOT SEND COPIES TO THE NATIONAL LIBRARY WITHIN STIPULATED TIME”

Publisher of any book published in any part of Nigeria, whether in hard copy or soft copy, must within 1 month after publication of such, deliver 3 best original copies to the National Library. The publisher must send the books and bear the cost of same. The books includes pamphlets, sheets of musics, maps, charts, plans, tables, dictionaries, newspapers, magazines, year books and compilation, etc.
Failure to adhere, is an offence punishable with #100.00 and may be an additional order for delivery of 3 copies of concerned books or payment of value of same to Director of National Library.

My authority is section 4 of National Library Act, 1970.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 218)
“CAN A “WILL” BE REWRITTEN AFTER DEATH OF ITS OWNER ?”

An owner (testator) of a Will has the right to share his property in the manner he pleases. He can also change his Will as many times as he pleases before his death. Once the maker is dead, no person can change his Will. His Will must be respected by all.

My authority is Asika V. Atuanya (2013) 14 NWLR PART 1375.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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THE LAWYER IN EQUITY & THE JOURNEY TO THE BAR;

LEVERAGING ON THE RIGHT MIND SET AND SKILL SET FOR A CONSTANTLY EVOLVING PROFESSION

By 

ONYEKACHI UMAH, ESQ., LL.M, ACIArb(UK)

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,08037665878

Founder, LearnNigerianLaws.com

Convener, Sabi Law Lecture Series

 

 

DELIVERED ON MONDAY, 29TH OCTOBER, 2018 (10:00 AM)

AT THE WHATSAPP PLATFORM OF THE LAW STUDENT'S DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE

(09085314216 or 09097468533). 

18th SABI LAW LECTURE SERIES. 

LECTURE CONTENTS:

           

 0. Profile of Onyekachi Umah     

1.Assumptions
2.Facts
3.Finish Strong and Ready
4.Think, Think, Read and  Think
5.SabiLawMaster’s Interlude
6.Marry Technology
7.Dream Making
8.Business of Law
9.The Way Forward
10.Conclusion
 
Download For FREE!

Full text of this lecture can be downloaded via the link below in PDF format.  

THE LINK IS AFTER THE COMMENT BOX, BELOW. 

 

DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 211)
“Landlords Are Entitled To Rent Sum Even Where Notices To Quit Are Served On Tenants”

“Notice To Quit”, “Seven (7) Notice Of Owner’s Intention To Recover Premises” and even “Court Summons” when served on a tenant does not mean that such tenant will not pay for any arrears of rent or rent (mesne profit) anymore for any extra period spent on the property.
Hence, a Tenant MUST pay for all the period he spent on a rented property not minding he was served Notices or even taken to court.

My authorities are sections 12 and 13 of Recovery of Premises Act and other similar laws across the states.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES FOR PRIVATE LEGAL PRACTITIONERS IN THE NIGERIAN ELECTRIC POWER SECTOR

By 

ONYEKACHI UMAH, ESQ., LL.M, ACIArb(UK)

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,08037665878

Founder, LearnNigerianLaws.com

Convener, Sabi Law Lecture Series

 

DELIVERED

ON 

SATURDAY 30TH JUNE, 2018 BY 4:00PM

AT

THE EXECUTIVE LOUNGE, DUTSE, ABUJA.

6th SABI LAW LECTURE SERIES. 

 

"BUSINESS LICENSES AND LICENSING IN NIGERIA; A PRACTICAL GUIDE FOR BUSINESSES IN NIGERIA" 

By 

ONYEKACHI UMAH, ESQ., LL.M, ACIArb(UK)

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,08037665878

Founder, LearnNigerianLaws.com

Convener, Sabi Law Lecture Series

 

DELIVERED ON 

SATURDAY 11 AUGUST, 2018 BY 10:00AM AT ELYON'S PLACE (CITY CENTER), 

BISSALA ROAD, INDEPENDENCE LAYOUT, ENUGU, ENUGU STATE

11th SABI LAW LECTURE SERIES. 

 

CONTENT 

0. Profile of OnyekachiUmah

1.Introduction
2.Licensing Right (Who Can Issue Licenses)
3.Licensing Authorities, Licenses and Authorizing Laws
4.SabiLawMaster’s Interlude
5.Challenges to Licensing
6.The Way Forward
7.Conclusion
 
Download For FREE!

Full text of this lecture can be downloaded via the link below in PDF format.  

THE LINK IS AFTER THE COMMENT BOX, BELOW. 

 

 

 

"CONTRACTORS AND THE MDAS; REGULATORY COMPLIANCE FOR AWARD OF CONTRACT IN NIGERIA"

By 

ONYEKACHI UMAH, ESQ., LL.M, ACIArb(UK)

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,08037665878

Founder, LearnNigerianLaws.com

Convener, Sabi Law Lecture Series

 

DELIVERED ON SATURDAY 18 NOVEMBER, 2017 (9:00AM)

AT THE LEGAL AID SEMINAR, LIVING FAITH CHURCH, KUBWA, ABUJA.

14th SABI LAW LECTURE SERIES. 

 

 

 

 

DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 207)
“It Is A Crime To Import Opium Into Nigeria”.

It is a crime to import or export prepared Opium from Nigeria. Prepared Opium includes Opium prepared for smoking, dross and any other byproduct after smoking of Opium.

My authorities are sections 5 and 6 of the Dangerous Drugs Act.

#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

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Win #50,000.00 and More from LearnNigerianLaws.com! Make a one minute video of yourself talking on any right or law you now. Just mention the law or right, it is okay like that! Don’t come and start quoting laws like lawyer and bore us. Pidgin english is even allowed. It is open to all Nigerians! Starts 6th October, 2018. Make it fun! #SabiLawVideoChallenge

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DAILY LAW TIPS 
            by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
                  (Tip 201)
“Memorandum Of Understanding Is Not A Binding Contract”
 
Contract is a binding agreement between parties, creating a commitment to do or not to do a particluar thing. Memorandum of Understanding is a mere expression of intention by parties, a preliminary understanding of parties to later enter into a formal contract but not on its own a contract and as such not binding and not enforceable by parties. 
To ensure you don’t sign a Contract instead of a mere Memorandum of Understanding, always contact your lawyer. 
 
My authority is the decision of Supreme Court in the case of BPS CONSTRUCTION & ENGINEERING COMPANY LIMITED v. FEDERAL CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY (2017) LPELR-42516(SC).
 
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws
 
 
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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 199)
“It Is An Offence To Import Live Fish Into Nigeria Without License”

Live fish (fresh water fish) cannot be imported into Nigeria without license from the Minister of Agriculture. It is an offence to make such importation and punishable with a fine not more than #40.00 for first time offenders, then an amount not exceeding #200.00 and or an imprisonment of not more than 6 months for second time offenders. Also, such fish, any substance or product made from the fish will be forfeited to government.

My authorities are sections 1, 2, 3 and 5 of the Live Fish (Control of Importation) Act, 1965.


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DAILY LAW TIPS 
            by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
                  (Tip 198)
“Duration of Copyrights In Nigeria”.
 
Owners of literary, musical, artistic, cinematograph works, sound recording and broadcast have copyright in Nigeria. No other person can reproduce, publish, perform, record, broadcast, erect, display or distribute to the public for commercial purposes such works without consent of the owner. 
The rights last for 70 years for literary, musical and artistic works apart from photos. And, rights for cinematograph films, photographs, sound recordings and broadcasts last for 50 years. 
 
My authorities are Sections 2, 5, 6 and 24 of Copyright Act.
 
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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 196)
“It Is An Offence To Sell A Vehicle Purchased With Unrepaid Bank Loan”.

Until vehicle loan is paid back to bank and discharge certificate is issued by such bank, it is an offence to sell any motor vehicle purchased with bank loan.
It is an offence punishable with 6 months imprisonment and or fine of #200.00

My authorities are Sections 1 and 5 of Banks (Motor Vehicle Loans) (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1979.
 

DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 194)
“Tobacco Companies Cannot Advertise At Any Sports Event In Nigeria”

Any person, business, company, firm, group or association in the business of tobacco (whether manufactured or unmanufactured) cannot advertise its products at any sports event promoted or sponsored by it, in any part of Nigeria.
It is even a criminal offence to do so and it is punishable with a fine of not less than #5000.00 and if a corporate body, all the directors, partners and management shall be liable to fine of not more than #5000.00 and or an imprisonment for not more than 3 years.

My authorities are Sections 2, 5 and 6 of the Tobacco Smoking (Control) Act, 1990.

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#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 193)
“Legal Practitioners In Nigeria Can Advertise Anywhere and Anytime”

Legal practitioners in Nigeria are permitted to advertise their practise to the public, anywhere and anytime, so far as it is not false, unfair or disturbing. Legal practitioners can advertise online, blogs, social media, bill boards, flyers, walls, public places, vehicles, banners, on radio and television among other channels. There is nothing in the Rules of Professional Conduct that prohibits legal practitioners from advertising rather from soliciting professional employment.

My authority is Rule 39 of Rules of Professional Conduct For Legal Practitioners, 2007.

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#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaws

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 192)
“Who Can Be Declared Winner in Governorship Election In Nigeria”

In a governorship election, the candidate with the highest number of casted votes will be declared the winner by the Returning Officer of Independent Electoral Commission(INEC). Such a candidate must also not have less than one-quarter of the votes cast in at leaset two-third of each of the Local Government Area.

My authorities are section 69 of the Electoral Act, 2010 and section 179 of the Constitution of the Republic of Nigeria, 1999.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 191)
“Nigeria Has Citizenship and Leadership Training Centers”

By law, a Citizenship and Leadership Training Center was established to provide training for development of citizenship and leadership for public benefit, expansion of individual awareness and national consciousness. Centers are to established across 5 zones in Nigeria.

My authorities are sections 1 and 2 of Citizenship and Leadership Training Center Act, 1989.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 189)
“”Dangerous Flying” Is An Offence In Nigeria.”

It is an offence to fly an aircraft in such a manner as to cause danger to any person or property on land or water in Nigeria. It is an offence punishable with imprisonment for not less than 2 years or a fine not less than #1 Million Naira or both. The pilot or any other person in charge of the aircraft as well as the owner of the aircraft are liable on summary conviction.

My authority is section 55 of Civil Aviation Act, 2006.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 188)
“A Corpse Cannot Be Anatomically Examined Within 24 Hours of Death”

Where a person dies, his corpse cannot be taken away for anatomical examination until after 24 hours of the death.

My authority is section 5 of Anatomy Act,1933.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 185)
“Stalking Is An Offence In Nigeria”

It is a crime to stalk anyone in Nigeria. Stalking is punishable with imprisonment of not more than 2 years and or fine of #500,000.00.
Stalking is when someone repeatedly contacts you, follows you, sends you things, talks to you when you don't want them to, or threatens you.

My authority is section 17 of Violence Against Persons (Prohibition) Act, 2015.

#CriminalJusticeMonday
#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaw

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 184)
“Homosexual/Gay Clubs, Societies, Meetings And Protests Are Prohibited In Nigeria.”

It is an offence to be a gay in Nigeria. It is also an offence to register, own, operate or patronise gay clubs, societies or meetings in Nigeria and it is punishable with 10 years imprisonment without an option for fine.

My authorities are sections 4 and 5 of Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Act, 2014.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 180)
“No Person Can Be Arrested In Place Of Another Person In Nigeria”.

No person in Nigeria can be arrested in place of another person. You can only be arrested for an offence you committed or for an offence you are suspected to have committed and not for the offence of another or in place of another. You cannot be arrested in place of another person as a way to trap and force another person to surrender himself. You cannot even arrest a parent for the offence of his child.

My authority is section 7 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act.

#CriminalJusticeMonday
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#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaw

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 179)
“It Is An Offence To Send Information To Smugglers”.

It is a crime for any person to send information from any part of Nigeria to any other person outside Nigeria in connection with unlawful importation or exportation of goods into or out of Nigeria. It is punishable with a fine of Two Hundred Naira or 2 years imprisonment or both as well as the confiscation of any device, equipment or gadget used in sending such information.

My authority is section 77 of the Customs and Excise Management Act.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 177)
“Harbouring A Terrorist Is An Offence In Nigeria”.

Terrorism is an offence in Nigeria. It is an offence to house, harbour or conceal a terrorist or a person convicted of terrorism or a person for whom there is a warrant of arrest or imprisonment for terrorism. The offence is punishable with imprisonment for not more than 10 years.

My authority is section 5 of the Terrorism (Prevention) Act, 2011.

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#SabiLaw
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“Legal Framework and Institutions For Economic Empowerment In Nigeria.”

By 

ONYEKACHI UMAH, ESQ., LL.M, ACIArb(UK)

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,08037665878

Founder, LearnNigerianLaws.com

Convener, Sabi Law Lecture Series

 

DELIVERED ON SATURDAY, 25 AUGUST 2018 (8:00-9:00PM)

AT THE AUDITORIUM OF ST. LUKE Catholic Church, KUBWA, ABUJA.

15th SABI LAW LECTURE SERIES. 

 

LECTURE CONTENTS:

           

      0. Profile of Onyekachi Umah

  1. 1.Need For Economic Empowerment In Nigeria
    2.Channels of Economic Empowerment
    3.Regulators and Key Institutions For Economic Empowerment
    4.SabiLawMaster’s Interlude
    5.Laws Regulating Economic Empowerment
    6.Ways to Strategically Position Yourself for economic empowerment
    7. Conclusion
    Download For FREE!

Full text of this lecture can be downloaded via the link below in PDF format.  

THE LINK IS AFTER THE COMMENT BOX, BELOW. 

 

 

DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 164)
“Goods That Are Exempted From VAT Payment In Nigeria”

You are not to pay Valued Added Tax (VAT) on any of the goods mentioned below:

1. All medical and pharmaceutical products
2. Basic food items
3. Books and educational materials
4. Baby products
5. Fertilisers, locally produced agricultural and veterinary medicine, farming machinery and farming transportation equipment.
6. All exports
7. Plant and machinery imported for use in the Export Processing Zone
8. Plant, machinery and equipment purchased for utilization of gas in down-stream petroleum operations
9. Tractors, ploughs and agricultural equipment and implements purchased for agricultural purposes.
10. Proceeds from the disposal of Short Term Federal Government of Nigeria Securities and Bonds
11. Proceeds from the disposal of Short-Term State, Local Government and Corporate Bonds (including supra-natural Bond).

My authorities are sections 2 and 3 of the Value Added Tax Act as well as it’s First Schedule.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 163)
“Foreigners Can Fully Own Companies and Businesses In Nigeria Without A Nigerian.”

Foreigners are allowed by law to own companies and businesses in any part of Nigeria. They can fully own such companies without a Nigerian as a director or shareholder. And they can own any asset and property across Nigeria.

My authorities are sections 18 and 54, of Companies and Allied Matters Act.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 162)
“You Cannot Own Land In Nigeria.”

All lands in Nigeria, including your ancestral homes are vested on the 36 States Governors and the Federal Government of Nigeria. Hence, No person can own any land in Nigeria. At best, a person can be granted a Right of Occupancy and issued a Certificate of Occupancy for a specified period, often 99 years. Such a person is an Occupant and not Owner of the land and as such expected to pay Rent (Ground Rent) to the land owner(state government).

My authority are sections 1, 5, 10, 15,17 and 28 of the Land Use Act, 1978.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 157)
“Who Pays For Properties Damaged or Lost In A Riot In Nigeria”.

Most times, where there is a riot, properties are damaged, stolen and lost. It is not the duty of owners of such properties to suffer and pay for the effect of a riot. Rather Government pays compensation to owners of such properties. The compensation is subject to the consent of the Minister of Finance.

My authority is the Riot (Damages) Act, 1963.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 154)
“You Cannot Enforce A Judgement After 2 Years and 6 Years Against A Party and His Representatives Respectively.”

Where judgement is given by a court, the judgment creditor has 2 years to enforce such judgment against the judgement debtor. Where a judgement creditor intends to enforce judgment against any representative of a judgment debtor, should be done within 6 years. Also note that were time elapses, court can grant leave.

My authorities are Order 4, Rule 8 of the Judgements (Enforcement) Rules and section 94 of the Sheriffs and Civil Process Act.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 153)
“A Minor Can Be A Shareholder But Not A Director In A Nigerian Company.”

A minor is one who is less than 18 years old. Such a person can be a shareholder in any company so far as they are at least 2 other shareholders who are adults. A minor can never be a director in any company in Nigeria. Directors see to the day to day running of a company and a minor obviously can’t handle such tasks.

My authorities are sections 20, 80 and 257 of the Companies and Allied Matters Act.

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COPYRIGHT, TRADEMARK, INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS & PATENT REGISTRATION;

PROSPECTS FOR LAWYERS IN NIGERIA

By 

ONYEKACHI UMAH, ESQ., LL.M, ACIArb(UK)

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,08037665878

Founder, LearnNigerianLaws.com

Convener, Sabi Law Lecture Series

 

DELIVERED ON SUNDAY, 29 JULY 2018 (7:00-9:00PM)

AT THE LAW, ETHICS AND PRACTISE (LEaP) WHATSAPP GROUP FOR LAWYERS AND LAW STUDENTS

9th SABI LAW LECTURE SERIES. 

 

LECTURE CONTENTS:

           

      0. Profile of Onyekachi Umah

  1. How “Property-enough” is Intellectual Property?
  2. IP Market Stakeholders
  3. Opportunities for Lawyers In IP Market
  4. SabiLawMaster’s Interlude
  5. Ways to Strategically Position Yourself in IP Market
  6. How to Get IP Briefs
  7. Challenges in IP Market and their Solutions 
  8. Conclusion

Download For FREE!

Full text of this lecture can be downloaded via the link below in PDF format.  

THE LINK IS AFTER THE COMMENT BOX, BELOW. 

 

 

 

DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 145)
“Power Of Attorney Can Not Transfer Ownership/Title Of A Property”

Power of Attorney is an instrument that merely delegates, extends and offers limited powers to a person to do something. It cannot and does not transfer, vest, confer or alienate the title and ownership of its Donor. It is wrong to use or have only a power of attorney as prove of ownership of title. Though some states allow the registration of power of attorney, it is actually registered as an instrument allowing and authorising execution of another instrument for alienation, sale and transfer of ownership. So, Deed of Sale, Deed Of Assignment, Deed Of Conveyance and Deed Of Transfer are better options.

My authorities are section 2 of Land Instruments Registration Law, Vol. 3, Laws Of Ogun State, 2006 and similar laws in other states of the Federation as well as the cases of Ude V. Nwara (1993)2 NWLR Part 278, 647 and Olorunfemi V. Nigeria Educational Bank Limited (2003) NWLR Part 812,p.1.


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"NIGERIAN BUSINESSES AND THE NEED FOR CORPORATE, COPYRIGHTS, TRADE MARKS, INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS AND PATENTS REGISTRATIONS"

 By 

ONYEKACHI UMAH, ESQ., LL.M, ACIArb(UK)

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,08037665878

Founder, LearnNigerianLaws.com

Convener, Sabi Law Lecture Series

 

DELIVERED ON THURSDAY, 18 JULY 2018

AT THE MEETING OF THE ROTARY CLUB OF ABUJA METRO (MEGA CLUB)

7th SABI LAW LECTURE SERIES.

 

 

LECTURE CONTENTS:

  1. šProfile of OnyekachiUmah
  2. šForms of Business in Nigeria
  3. šCorporate Registration of Businesses in Nigeria
  4. šBenefits of Corporate Registration of Businesses in Nigeria
  5. šRegistration of Copyrights, Trade Marks, Designs and Patents of Businesses
  6. šBenefits of Copyrights, Trade Marks, Designs and Patents Registration.
  7. šAgencies For Corporate, Copyrights, Trade Marks, Designs and Patents Registration.

 

Full text of this lecture can be downloaded via the link below in PDF and PowerPoint formats.  

THE LINKS ARE AFTER THE COMMENT BOX, BELOW. 

 

 

DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 144)
“Who Can Inherit Property Of A Dead Person In Nigeria.”

“WILL” is not an invitation to death rather a strict instruction on how one’s property should be shared when he is dead. Where there is no “WILL”, the following persons can inherit the property of their dead ones in this particular order of priority:
1. Wife/Husband of the deceased

2. Where there is no Wife/Husband, then the children of the deceased.

3. Where the children died during the lifetime of deceased leaving grandchildren, then the said grand children of the deceased.

4.Where there is no child, then the Mother/Father of the deceased.

5. Where there is no Mother/Father, then the Brothers and Sisters of the deceased.

6. Where the brothers and sisters of the deceased died during the lifetime of the deceased, then the children of the late brothers and sisters of the deceased.

7. Where there are no children of brothers or sisters, then the step-brothers and step-sisters of the deceased.

8. Where the step-brothers and step-sisters, of the deceased died during the lifetime of the deceased, then the children of the step-brothers and step-sisters of the deceased.

9.Where there are no children of step-brothers and step-sisters, then the Grand-Father and Grand-Mother of the deceased.

10.Where there are no grand-fathers and grand-mothers, then the direct Uncles and Aunts of the deceased.

11. Where there are no Uncles and Aunts, then the creditors of the deceased.

12. Where there are no Creditors, then the Administrator-General of the State.

My authorities are section 49(1) of Administration of Estates Law, Lagos State and similar laws in other states of the Federation and the case of Williams V. Ogundipe (2006) ALL FWLR (part 327)p.540.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 143)
“An Ordinary Person Can Arrest A Criminal Suspect Even Without A Warrant In Nigeria”.

Just like Police Officers, an ordinary person can arrest any person reasonably suspected of having committed a felony(a crime punishable with 3 years imprisonment or more).
In such circumstances, you don’t need a police officer to arrest such a suspect and if in arresting such a person, you threaten or assault such person, you will not be liable. After an arrest, you are to handover such person to a police officer or nears police station.

My authorities are section 12 of Criminal Procedure Act, section 28(d) of Criminal Procedure Code and the Supreme Court Judgment in the case of Nweke V. The State (1965) 1 ALL NLR 114.

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#DailyLawTips
#SabiLaw
#LearnNigerianLaw

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