Daily Law Tips (242)

Every weekday, we give free short tips on laws, rights, duties, procedures and legal remedies available in Nigeria (#DailyLawTips). And, on Mondays, our daily law tips focus only on Criminal Justice (#CriminalJusticeMonday). We share our DAILY LAW TIPS for free on our Website (www.LearnNigerianLaws.com), Instagram, Facebook, Whatsapp and Twitter accounts (@LearnNigerianLaws) to promote understanding of law.   

DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 269)
IT IS A CRIME FOR “INEC” OFFICIALS TO BE LATE TO POLLING UNITS IN ANY PART OF NIGERIA.

All Polling Officers of Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) must report very early to polling units on any Election Day in any part of Nigeria. It is a criminal offence to be late without lawful excuse and is punishable with a fine of not more than #500,000.00 or and 12 months imprisonment.

My authorities are sections 123(2) and 158 of the Electoral Act, 2010.

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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 268)
BORROWED GOVERNMENT VEHICLES CANNOT BE USED AT ANY ELECTION.

No person in any part of Nigeria is allowed to use a borrowed government vehicle or boat or that of any company owned by government at any registration center or polling unit. It is only a person who is ordinarily assigned to use a government vehicle or boat that can use such at a registration center or polling unit. Also note that in an emergency, an electoral officer can use even a borrowed government vehicle or boat at a registration center or polling unit.
The offence of use of borrowed government vehicle or boat at registration centre or polling unit is punishable with fine of not more than N500,000.00 and or not more than 6 months imprisonment.

My authorities are sections 121 and 158 of the Electoral Act, 2010.

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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 267)
LIST OF VOTER CARD OFFENCES IN NIGERIA.

Below is a list of offences that can be committed with a voter’s card in any part of Nigeria. They are;

1. LENDING OF VOTER’S CARD.
It is an offence for a holder of voter’s card to give same to some other person for it to be used at an election in any part of Nigeria. The only person that can collect a voter’s card at an election is an official of Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) acting in official duty.

2. RECEIVING OF VOTER’S CARD.
It is an offence for any person to receive any other person’s voter’s card while pretending to be another person in order to use such at an election.

3. POSSESSION OF MORE THAN ONE VOTER’S CARD.
Unless one is an official of Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), it is an offence to be in possession of more than one Voter’s card.

4. BUYING AND SELLING OF VOTER’S CARD.
It is an offence in any part of Nigeria, for any person to buy or sell voter’s card. Both seller and buyer will be held guilty.

Each of the above mentioned electoral offences is punishable with fine of not more than N1 Million Naira or imprisonment for not more than 12 months or both.

My authorities are sections 120 (1) (a), (b), (c), (d) and 158 of the Electoral Act, 2010.

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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 266)
DISORDERLY BEHAVIOUR AT CAMPAIGNS AND MEETINGS IS AN OFFENCE.

Once election dates are announced, it is a crime for any person to be disorderly at any political meeting/campaign with intention to prevent a party’s business of the day or be in possession of weapons or missiles. It is a crime punishable with maximum fine of N500,000 or 12 months imprisonment or both.

My authorities are sections 119 and 158 of the Electoral Act, 2010.

#SabiElectionLaws
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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 265)
CAN A POLITICAL PARTY HAVE ASSETS OUTSIDE NIGERIA OR RECEIVE FUNDS FROM OUTSIDE NIGERIA.

No political party in Nigeria is allowed to have funds or any assets outside Nigeria. Also, political parties cannot retain funds or assets remitted/transferred to them from outside Nigeria. Where for any reason, any funds or assets is sent from outside Nigeria to a political party, such political party must transfer such to the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) within 21 days of receiving such funds.

My authorities are sections 225 (3) (4) and 319 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999.

#SabiElectionLaws
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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 264)
IT IS ILLEGAL FOR AN ASSOCIATION/GROUP APART FROM A POLITICAL PARTY TO CAMPAIGN FOR A CANDIDATE.

The only associations allowed to canvass for votes for any candidate at any election or are political parties. Hence, no other association, group or movement is allowed to canvass and campaign for votes for any candidate at any election in any part of Nigeria.

My authorities are sections 221 and 319 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999.

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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 263)
WHO ARE THE SHAREHOLDERS OF THE CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA.

Central Bank of Nigeria is created to promote stability and continuity in economic management of Nigeria, among other things. The minimum authorised capital of the bank is One Hundred Billion Naira. The capital are all subscribed and held by only the Federal Government. Hence, the Federal Government of is the only shareholder of Central Bank of Nigeria. So, no individual, company, bank, foreign agency, state, state government or local government is permitted to be a shareholder of the Central Bank of Nigeria.

My authorities are sections 4, 60 and 61 of the Central Band of Nigeria Act, 2007.

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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 262)
WHEN LAWYERS CAN PERSONALLY STAND BAIL FOR CLIENTS.

There is popular saying in Nigeria, that a lawyer cannot be surety and take a client on bail. Well, this is NOT true! There is no law that stops a lawyer from being a surety and taking a client (who is a suspect) on bail in any where in Nigeria. The Rules of Professional Conduct for Lawyers expressly prohibits lawyers from being sureties and taking their clients (who are accused persons) on bail in any court in Nigeria. The Rules purposely mentioned only courts and excluded detention centers including Police stations, Economic and Financial Crimes Commissions(EFCC), Independent Corrupt Practices Commission (ICPC), Department of State Services (DSS) and all other security agencies. Consequently, it is not a professional misconduct for a lawyer to be a surety and take his client who is a suspect on bail in any place but cannot do so for his clients who are accused persons in any court.

My authorities are Rules 37(1) and 57 of the Rules of Professional Conduct for Legal Practitioners, 2007.

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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 261)
LIST OF FRUITS/PLANTS PROHIBITED FROM IMPORTATION IN NIGERIA.

Some fruits/plants whether living or dead are allowed to grow in Nigeria but cannot be imported into Nigeria or can only be imported with written permission. This is to control plant diseases and pests in Nigeria. It also extends to even soil.
Hence, the importation of prohibited fruits/Plants/Soil is a criminal offence punishable with fine of not more than One Hundred Naira or imprisonment for not more than six months and cost of destruction/exportation of such prohibited fruit.

Below are fruits, plants and soil prohibited from being imported into any part of Nigeria:

1.Banana and Plantain (leaves and fruits)
2. Beans (grains from USA, Bulgaria and some other countries)
3. Cassava ( All parts expecting vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
4. Citrus (Vegetative materials except for propagation)
5. Coconut (Vegetative materials)
6. Coffee(All parts including fruits except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
7. Cotton
8. Cowpea
9. Date Palms All parts including fruits except Vegetative propagating materials, fruits and seeds)
10. Fresh Fruits of any specie (from Asia eas of 60* longitude, Mauritius, Central and South America)
11. Gramineae (their flower heads, foliage,hay, fodder and litter)
12. Grape Vine (Vegetative propagating materials)
13. Groundnut(Vegetative materials except for propagation)
14. Maize (their hay, fodder, straw and litter for packing except seeds and unmilled grain for consumption)
15. Oil Palm (Flowers, foliage and all timber)
16. Peas and related plants (their Vegetative material including hay, fodder and litter).
17. Pepper and Chillies (their Vegetative materials and fresh fruits)
18. Pineapple (their fruits)
19. Potatoes (All parts except seed tubers, tubers or consumption and seeds)
20. Rice (Vegetative Materials)
21. Rose and Strawberry (Vegetative materials)
22. Rubber Trees (All parts except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
23. Soils and Composts(for any use other than scientific and analytical purposes)
24. Sorghum (All parts except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
25. Soya Bean (Vegetative materials)
26. Sugar Cane( Cane for consumption, flower heads and foliage)
27. Sweet Potato (All parts except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds)
28. Tea (From any part of the world except African Continent)
29. Tobacco (Vegetative materials and seeds)
30. Tomatoes (Vegetative materials and fresh fruits)
31. Wheat, Barely, Oats and Rye( Vegetative materials)
32. Walnuts (Vegetative materials)
33. Yam (All parts except Vegetative propagating materials and seeds as well as Tubers for consumption).

My authorities are sections 1 2 and 5 of the Agriculture (Control of Importation) Act, 1964 and Paragraphs 2, 5, 7 and 9 of the Plants, etc.(Control of Importation) Regulations 1970.

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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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DAILY LAW TIPS
by Onyekachi Umah,Esq.
(Tip 260)
“CAN AN ARRESTED PERSON BE MEDICAL EXAMINED WITHOUT CONSENT”

Police or any other government owned security agency has right to arrest any person and medically examine such person without consent of the arrested person for needed evidence. The police can even use reasonable force where necessary in conducting such medical examination. Note that the medical examination must be conducted by a qualified medical practitioner or professional with needed skills.

My authorities are sections 11, 494 and 495 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and other similar laws across States in Nigeria.

#CriminalJusticeMonday
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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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