Daily Law Tips (326)

Every weekday, we give free short tips on laws, rights, duties, procedures and legal remedies available in Nigeria (#DailyLawTips). And, on Mondays, our daily law tips focus only on Criminal Justice (#CriminalJusticeMonday). We share our DAILY LAW TIPS for free on our Website (www.LearnNigerianLaws.com), Instagram, Facebook, Whatsapp and Twitter accounts (@LearnNigerianLaws) to promote understanding of law.   

DEADLINE FOR RENEWAL OF CAPTIVE POWER PERMIT IN NIGERIA.
DAILY LAW TIPS (Tip 349) by Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LLM. ACIArb(UK)

*THINGS THAT CANNOT BE PHOTOGRAPHED OR RECORDED IN NIGERIA, AT TIMES. *
DAILY LAW TIPS (Tip 348) by Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LLM. ACIArb(UK)

Irrespective of fundamental human rights, during periods of emergency, the President of Nigeria, may make an Order that no person shall photograph, sketch or by any means make any record of descriptions of any thing designed or used for defence purposes. Periods of emergency includes times of war, breakdown of public order, public safety, disaster and natural calamity, among others.

Contravening such order is a criminal offence punishable with imprisonment for not more than 14 years when conviction on indictment but punishable with imprisonment for not more than 2 years and or fine of not more than #200.00.

My authorities are;
1. Sections 3, 7 and 10 of the Official Secrets Act, 1962.
2. Sections 45, 305 and 319 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999.

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NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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THE AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL MANAGEMENT TRAINING INSTITUTE.
DAILY LAW TIPS (Tip 344) by Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LLM. ACIArb(UK)

To meet management training needs in agricultural and rural development organisations across Nigeria, the Federal Government of Nigeria enacted an Act and established the Agricultural and Rural Management Training Institute. The Institute has statutory mandate to design and implement training programmes for managers, employees and students in the agricultural and rural development sector of Nigerian economy. The Institute is established located at Ilorin, Kwara State with a Board of Governors and a Director.

My authorities are sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 16 and 17 of the Agricultural and Rural Management Training Institute Act, 1980.

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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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*5 PERSONS THAT SHOULD BE PRESENT BEFORE AN ARRESTED PERSON WILL MAKE STATEMENT IN POLICE.*
Daily Law Tips (Tip 343) by Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LLM. ACIArb(UK)

Police and other security agencies in Nigeria have no right whatsoever to FORCE/CAJOLE/INTIMIDATE an arrested person to make any oral or written statement. It is the right of an arrested person to make or not to make a statement. It is the duty of police to carry out investigations and not to force arrested person to make statements.
However, if an arrested person wants to make a statement, it is the right of the arrested person to make his statement in the presence of a legal practitioner of his choice (and not a lawyer provided by police). Where arrested person has no lawyer of his choice, then he can make his statement in presence an officer of the Legal Aid Council of Nigeria or an official of a Civil Society Organisation or a Justice of Peace or even any other ordinary person including a woman.

Recommendation: The use of the word “MAY” in the sentence, “Such statement MAY be taken in the presence of a legal practitioner....” should be made to be “SHALL”. This will remove discretion from police and ensure greater compliance. Considering the poor attitude of security agencies in Nigeria, there is a serious need for lawyers and third parties to observe and participate in management of arrested/detained persons to ensure respect for human rights. This is very important since the section of the law providing for confessions to be recorded on video also uses “MAY” and most police stations have no cameras and steady power supply.

My authorities are sections 15(4), 15(5), 17(1), 494 and 495 of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015 and other similar laws across States in Nigeria.

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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

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This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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*YOU MUST SEND NOTICE OF CHANGE OF ANY VEHICLE’S ENGINE TO GOVERNMENT.*
DAILY LAW TIPS (Tip 342) by Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LLM. ACIArb(UK)

Government regulates the registration of vehicles in any part of Nigeria, through its licensing authority.
Where a vehicle owner changes the engine of his/her vehicle, such owner must send notice of change of engine to the licensing authority where the car was originally registered. All necessary fees must be paid too. The Vehicle Replacement of Engine Notification Form (FORM MVA 7) must contain personal information of the vehicle owner and his/her passport photograph as well as details of the old and new engines.

My authorities are Regulations 14, 231 and 232 of the National Road Traffic Regulations, 2012.

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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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IS ELECTRICITY THEFT (BYPASS) REALLY A CRIME IN NIGERIA.
DAILY LAW TIPS (Tip 341) by Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LLM. ACIArb(UK)

Like any other commodity that can be stolen, it is a criminal offence to steal electricity in any part of Nigeria. Electricity theft is the act of knowingly and willingly stealing, diverting or using electricity or electric current. Note that, the person that did an illegal connection, as well as persons that are using illegal electricity are all guilty.

Where the crime is in any state in the Northern part of Nigeria including Federal Capital Territory, the punishment for such is imprisonment for not more than 5 years or and with fine. Where the crime is in any state in the Southern part of Nigeria, the punishment is 3 years without an option of fine.

Note also that, across all parts of Nigeria, illegal disconnection, tampering, meddling and inference with electricity meter, fittings or appliances for generating, transmitting. distributing, supplying, calculating, converting or selling electricity is an offence punishable with maximum of 21 years imprisonment. This is necessary to mention, since most electricity theft includes unlawful tampering and interferences with electric fittings and meters. 

My authorities are

1. Sections 286(2) and 287 of the Penal Code Act 1960

2. Sections   1 and 400 of Criminal Code Act, 1916.

3. Sections 1(10) and 5 of the Miscellaneous Offences Act, 1983.


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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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*IT IS NOW AN OFFENCE TO FORCE WIFE/HUSBAND TO STOP WORKING.*
DAILY LAW TIPS (Tip 340) by Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LLM. ACIArb(UK)

It is a criminal offence for any person to cause forced financial dependence or economic abuse of another person. Hence, it is a crime for husband/wife to force the order to stop work or financially dependence on another or any form of economic abuse including denial of inheritance, deprivation of financial resources and household necessities.

The offence is punishable with imprisonment for not more than 2 years and or fine of not more than #500,000.00.

Also note that, it is an offence to merely attempt to commit this offence or to incite or aid another in the commission of the offence. It is punishable with imprisonment for not more than 1 year and or fine of not more than #200, 000.00, respectively.

Kindly note that the law creating the above offences is operational in Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. Similar laws are now operational in Anambra State, Ebonyi State and Oyo State. Soon, more States will enact similar laws.

My authorities are sections 12, 47 and 48 of the Violence Against Persons (Prohibition) Act, 2015 and similar laws across states in Nigeria.

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Feel free to reach the author, ask questions or make inquiries on this topic or any other via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +2348037665878.

NOTE: Sharing or modifying or publishing this publication without giving credit to Onyekachi Umah, Esq. and “LearnNigerianLaws.com” is a criminal breach of copyright and will be prosecuted. Please share this publication till it gets to those that need it most. Save a Nigerian today!

To receive our Daily Law Tips for free follow our Facebook page, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube via “@LearnNigerianLaws”.
This publication is the writer’s view not a legal advice and does not create any form of relationship. You may reach the writer for more information.

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